This watermark, found upon final English draft of the Treaty,
in the handwriting of James Busby, is from paper produced by the W Tucker
company of Kent, England in 1833. In keeping with the general production
methods, this represents a half sheet bearing the manufacturers name, the other
half of which would have portrayed a Britannia figurine. This paper came from
the stock of James Reddy Clendon, U.S. Consul, who was James Busby's friend
and supporter. All available evidence shows that Clendon was present when Busby
wrote the final draft and that the location of "final drafting" was
at Clendon's Okiato home. During 1839 until 1841 or later, James Clendon sent
several despatches or letters to the U.S. Secretary of State in Washington D.C.
using W. Tucker 1833 paper. He appears to have been the only individual
in New Zealand, at the time, with a supply of this paper stock. He must have transcribed
his own copy of Busby's final draft, on the 4th of February 1840, as he sent this
exact version to the United States on the 20th of February 1840 (also on W.
Tucker 1833 watermarked paper from his personal stock).
ashore to Kororareka on the afternoon of the 2nd of February 1840 to view a cottage
owned by Busby. Hobson was ashore at Kororareka in the afternoon of the 3rd and
met with Busby to finalise the treaty wording. Freeman's despatch that afternoon
gave the location of writing as "Kororarika" rather than HMS
Herald and Hobson remained ashore until the late afternoon of the 4th of February
1840. Compelling evidence indicates that the final draft was written during the
morning/ early afternoon of the 4th of February 1840 at Clendon's house (Clendon's
paper was used) by British Resident James Busby (the final draft is in
Busby's handwriting) on the 4th of February 1840 (that's the date on the
document). At 4 p.m. that afternoon the finished English Treaty draft document
was handed to Reverend Henry Williams for translation into the Maori language.
On the 20th of February 1840 Clendon sent a copy of the final draft (4th of February
1840 version) to the U.S. Secretary of State. On the 3rd of April 1840, visiting
Antarctic explorer, Commodore Charles Wilkes sent this version, which he had copied
from Busby's final draft, (officially supplied to Clendon by Hobson) to the United
States in his despatch No. 64. The final draft "original" was
found again in 1989, after being lost for almost 150-years. It was amongst the
papers of Clendon's solicitor, Henry Littlewood.